Iconicity Atlas



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Instructions:

  • Please read the instruction and the questions carefully;
  • Abbreviations int., n. add v. stand for interjection, noun and verb respectively;
  • If your language has ideophones, please enter them under interjection, adding (id.) in parentheses;
  • Your answers should NOT be a direct translation of the name of the concept given in the first column – the name of the concept is just an umbrella term for a group of semantically related sound denotations (e.g. under LAUGH are grouped English giggle, guffaw, snigger etc.);
  • More than one answer is possible (e.g. for the concept LAUGH you may enter (int.) ha-ha, ho-ho, (n.) laughter, giggle, snigger etc. separated by commas);
  • It is possible that your language may not contain words for denoting all the listed concepts, or the concepts might not be expressed by certain parts of speech (most probably, there would be no interjection); in this case kindly indicate the absence of a word by dash ‘—’;
  • One word may be suitable for describing several concepts (e.g. English cry is used to denote two concepts – WHEEP and SHOUT);
  • You are most welcome to give your own comments upon usage or origin of the words in the section ‘Comments’.
  • If your language uses an alphabet other than Latin or other writing systems (e.g. hieroglyphs), please provide a transcription. If you have never transcribed your language and/or not sure how to do the transcription, provide only the written form of the word.



N Name of iconic concept Question(s) Answer(s) Comments
1. BANG How do you imitate a short loud explosive noise, as of a bomb, bursting of a balloon or a discharge of a gun? How do you name such sound? How do you name the action of producing such sound?
int.
v.
n.
2. BARK How do you imitate the sound(s) uttered by a dog? How do you name such sound(s)? How do you name the action of producing such sound(s)?
int.
v.
n.
3. BEEP How do you imitate a short, relatively high-pitched tone produced by a horn, electronic device, or the like as a signal, summons, or warning? How do you name such sound(s)? How do you name the action of producing such sound(s)?
int.
v.
n.
4. BITE How do you name an act of gripping, cutting off or tearing with the teeth or jaws and a sound accompanying such action?
int.
v.
n.
5. BLEAT How do you imitate a cry of a sheep or a goat? How do you name such sound(s)? How do you name the action of producing such sound(s)?
int.
v.
n.
6. BLOW How do you name an act performed when one produces or emits a current of air, as with the mouth or bellows (e.g. while extinguishing a candle, exhaling cigarette smoke etc.) and/or the sound which accompanies such action?
int.
v.
n.
7. BOOM How do you imitate a deep prolonged resonant sound, as of thunder or artillery fire? How do you name such sound(s)? How do you name the action of producing such sound(s)?
int.
v.
n.
8. BUBBLE How do you imitate a gurgling sound produced by boiling water or sparkling water? How do you name such sound(s)? How do you name the action of producing such sound(s)? And how do you name a nearly spherical body of gas contained in such liquids?
int.
v.
n.
9. BUZZ How do you imitate a rapidly vibrating humming sound (e.g. of a bee or another insect)? How do you name such sound(s)? How do you name the action of producing such sound(s)?
int.
v.
n.
10. CHEW How do you imitate various sounds one produces while chewing, biting upon or grinding sth. (e.g. an apple)? How do you name such sound(s)? How do you name the action of producing such sound(s)?
int.
v.
n.