Iconicity Atlas



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where you grew up / lived the most of your life:
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Instructions:

  • Please read the instruction and the questions carefully;
  • Abbreviations int., n. add v. stand for interjection, noun and verb respectively;
  • If your language has ideophones, please enter them under interjection, adding (id.) in parentheses;
  • Your answers should NOT be a direct translation of the name of the concept given in the first column – the name of the concept is just an umbrella term for a group of semantically related sound denotations (e.g. under LAUGH are grouped English giggle, guffaw, snigger etc.);
  • More than one answer is possible (e.g. for the concept LAUGH you may enter (int.) ha-ha, ho-ho, (n.) laughter, giggle, snigger etc. separated by commas);
  • It is possible that your language may not contain words for denoting all the listed concepts, or the concepts might not be expressed by certain parts of speech (most probably, there would be no interjection); in this case kindly indicate the absence of a word by dash ‘—’;
  • One word may be suitable for describing several concepts (e.g. English cry is used to denote two concepts – WHEEP and SHOUT);
  • You are most welcome to give your own comments upon usage or origin of the words in the section ‘Comments’.
  • If your language uses an alphabet other than Latin or other writing systems (e.g. hieroglyphs), please provide a transcription. If you have never transcribed your language and/or not sure how to do the transcription, provide only the written form of the word.



N Name of iconic concept Question(s) Answer(s) Comments
21. CRACK How do you imitate a sudden sharp sound (e.g. of a whip)? How do you name such sound(s)? How do you name the action of producing such sound(s)?
int.
v.
n.
22. CRASH How do you imitate a loud noise as of solid objects smashing or colliding (e.g. vehicles)? How do you name such sound(s)? How do you name the action of producing such sound(s)?
int.
v.
n.
23. CREAK How do you imitate a harsh scraping or squeaking sound made by an object when being moved or when pressure is applied (often said about the stairs)? How do you name such sound(s)? How do you name the action of producing such sound(s)?
int.
v.
n.
24. CROACK How do you imitate a low, hoarse cry made by a crow? How do you name such sound(s)? How do you name the action of producing such sound(s)?
int.
v.
n.
25. CUCKOO How do you imitate the call of a cuckoo? How do you name such sound(s)? How do you name the action of producing such sound(s)? Provide the name of the bird itself.
int.
v.
n.
26. DING How do you imitate a ringing sound made in imitation of the sound of a bell? How do you name such sound(s)? How do you name the action of producing such sound(s)?
int.
v.
n.
27. DROP How do you imitate a sound made by falling raindrops? How do you name such sound(s)? How do you name the action of producing such sound(s)?
int.
v.
n.
28. DRUM How do you imitate a sound of a rhythmical beating of a percussion instrument or any similar sound? How do you name such sound(s)? How do you name the action of producing such sound(s)? How do you name the instrument itself?
int.
v.
n.
29. FIE Write down the sound you utters in disgust (e.g. upon breathing in some foul odor). How do you name such sound(s)? How do you name the action of producing such sound(s)?
int.
v.
n.
30. FLOP How do you imitate an abrupt noise made by flapping (of wings etc.)? How do you name such sound(s)? How do you name the action of producing such sound(s)?
int.
v.
n.