Iconicity Atlas



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Instructions:

  • Please read the instruction and the questions carefully;
  • Abbreviations int., n. add v. stand for interjection, noun and verb respectively;
  • If your language has ideophones, please enter them under interjection, adding (id.) in parentheses;
  • Your answers should NOT be a direct translation of the name of the concept given in the first column – the name of the concept is just an umbrella term for a group of semantically related sound denotations (e.g. under LAUGH are grouped English giggle, guffaw, snigger etc.);
  • More than one answer is possible (e.g. for the concept LAUGH you may enter (int.) ha-ha, ho-ho, (n.) laughter, giggle, snigger etc. separated by commas);
  • It is possible that your language may not contain words for denoting all the listed concepts, or the concepts might not be expressed by certain parts of speech (most probably, there would be no interjection); in this case kindly indicate the absence of a word by dash ‘—’;
  • One word may be suitable for describing several concepts (e.g. English cry is used to denote two concepts – WHEEP and SHOUT);
  • You are most welcome to give your own comments upon usage or origin of the words in the section ‘Comments’.
  • If your language uses an alphabet other than Latin or other writing systems (e.g. hieroglyphs), please provide a transcription. If you have never transcribed your language and/or not sure how to do the transcription, provide only the written form of the word.



N Name of iconic concept Question(s) Answer(s) Comments
41. HOOT How do you imitate a cry of an owl? How do you name such cry? How do you name the action of producing such cry?
int.
v.
n.
42. HOWL How do you imitate a long plaintive cry or wail characteristic of a wolf or hound? How do you name such cry? How do you name the action of producing such cry?
int.
v.
n.
43. HUM Write down the sound produced as a result of singing with closed lips. How do you name such sound(s)? How do you name the action of producing such sound(s)?
int.
v.
n.
44. HUSH Write down the sound you utter in a plea or demand for silence. How do you name such sound(s)? How do you name the action of producing such sound(s)?
int.
v.
n.
45. JABBER How do you imitate a sound of people talking, esp. rapidly and incoherently? How do you name such sound(s)? How do you name the action of producing such sound(s)?
int.
v.
n.
46. JERK How do you name an abrupt movement often accompanied by a sound? How do you name such sound(s)?
int.
v.
n.
47. KISS How do you name a sound accompanying touching with lips and the name of the act itself (kissing)? How do you name the action of kissing?
int.
v.
n.
48. KNOCK How do you imitate A sharp sound made by striking a hard surface, especially on a door? How do you name such sound(s)? How do you name the action of producing such sound(s)?
int.
v.
n.
49. LAUGH How do you imitate different kinds of laughter? How do you different kinds of laughter? How do you name the action of laughing?
int.
v.
n.
50. LICK How do you name an act of passing one’s tongue over the surface of sth., as to moisten, taste, or eat (e.g. ice cream) and the sounds that may accompany it?
int.
v.
n.