Iconicity Atlas



Language (dialect):
Name (voluntarily):
Age (voluntarily):
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where you grew up / lived the most of your life:
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Instructions:

  • Please read the instruction and the questions carefully;
  • Abbreviations int., n. add v. stand for interjection, noun and verb respectively;
  • If your language has ideophones, please enter them under interjection, adding (id.) in parentheses;
  • Your answers should NOT be a direct translation of the name of the concept given in the first column – the name of the concept is just an umbrella term for a group of semantically related sound denotations (e.g. under LAUGH are grouped English giggle, guffaw, snigger etc.);
  • More than one answer is possible (e.g. for the concept LAUGH you may enter (int.) ha-ha, ho-ho, (n.) laughter, giggle, snigger etc. separated by commas);
  • It is possible that your language may not contain words for denoting all the listed concepts, or the concepts might not be expressed by certain parts of speech (most probably, there would be no interjection); in this case kindly indicate the absence of a word by dash ‘—’;
  • One word may be suitable for describing several concepts (e.g. English cry is used to denote two concepts – WHEEP and SHOUT);
  • You are most welcome to give your own comments upon usage or origin of the words in the section ‘Comments’.
  • If your language uses an alphabet other than Latin or other writing systems (e.g. hieroglyphs), please provide a transcription. If you have never transcribed your language and/or not sure how to do the transcription, provide only the written form of the word.



N Name of iconic concept Question(s) Answer(s) Comments
51. MEW How do you imitate a characteristic high-pitched cry of a cat? How do you name such sound(s)? How do you name the action of producing such sound(s)?
int.
v.
n.
52. MOAN Write down the prolonged, inarticulate sound uttered from or as if from physical or mental suffering. How do you name such sound(s)? How do you name the action of producing such sound(s)?
int.
v.
n.
53. MOO How do you imitate a characteristic deep long sound of a cow or bull? How do you name such sound(s)? How do you name the action of producing such sound(s)?
int.
v.
n.
54. MURMUR How do you imitate a continuous low indistinct sound, as of distant voices? How do you name such sound(s)? How do you name the action of producing such sound(s)?
int.
v.
n.
55. NEIGH How do you imitate the neighing of a horse? How do you name such sound(s)? How do you name the action of producing such sound(s)?
int.
v.
n.
56. OINK How do you imitate the grunt of a pig? How do you name such sound(s)? How do you name the action of producing such sound(s)?
int.
v.
n.
57. PEEP How do you imitate a shrill small prolonged note uttered by a bird? How do you name such sound(s)? How do you name the action of producing such sound(s)?
int.
v.
n.
58. POP How do you imitate a light sharp explosive sound (of e.g. a firearm or champagne)? How do you name such sound(s)? How do you name the action of producing such sound(s)?
int.
v.
n.
59. PURR How do you imitate a low murmuring sound, as of a satisfied cat? How do you name such sound(s)? How do you name the action of producing such sound(s)?
int.
v.
n.
60. QUACK How do you imitate a characteristic harsh guttural sound of a duck? How do you name such sound(s)? How do you name the action of producing such sound(s)?
int.
v.
n.