Iconicity Atlas



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Instructions:

  • Please read the instruction and the questions carefully;
  • Abbreviations int., n. add v. stand for interjection, noun and verb respectively;
  • If your language has ideophones, please enter them under interjection, adding (id.) in parentheses;
  • Your answers should NOT be a direct translation of the name of the concept given in the first column – the name of the concept is just an umbrella term for a group of semantically related sound denotations (e.g. under LAUGH are grouped English giggle, guffaw, snigger etc.);
  • More than one answer is possible (e.g. for the concept LAUGH you may enter (int.) ha-ha, ho-ho, (n.) laughter, giggle, snigger etc. separated by commas);
  • It is possible that your language may not contain words for denoting all the listed concepts, or the concepts might not be expressed by certain parts of speech (most probably, there would be no interjection); in this case kindly indicate the absence of a word by dash ‘—’;
  • One word may be suitable for describing several concepts (e.g. English cry is used to denote two concepts – WHEEP and SHOUT);
  • You are most welcome to give your own comments upon usage or origin of the words in the section ‘Comments’.
  • If your language uses an alphabet other than Latin or other writing systems (e.g. hieroglyphs), please provide a transcription. If you have never transcribed your language and/or not sure how to do the transcription, provide only the written form of the word.



N Name of iconic concept Question(s) Answer(s) Comments
71. SHOUT How do you imitate a loud and vigorous call or cry? How do you name such cry? How do you name the action of producing such cry?
int.
v.
n.
72. SHUFFLE How do you name an act of walking without lifting one’s feet fully off the ground and a sound accompanying such action?
int.
v.
n.
73. SIGH How do you imitate a noise heard when a person lets his or her breath audibly, as from sorrow, or relief? How do you name such noise? How do you name the action of producing such noise(s)?
int.
v.
n.
74. SIZZLE How do you imitate a hissing sound characteristic of frying fat? How do you name such sound(s)? How do you name the action of producing such sound(s)?
int.
v.
n.
75. SLAP How do you name an act of dealing a sharp blow or a smack as with the open hand, something flat, etc.; and a sound accompanying such action?
int.
v.
n.
76. SNEEZE How do you imitate the sound of sneezing? How do you name such sound(s)? How do you name the action of producing such sound(s)?
int.
v.
n.
77. SNIFF How do you imitate a sound of drawing air through the nose in short audible inhalations? How do you name such sound(s)? How do you name the action of producing such sound(s)?
int.
v.
n.
78. SNORE How do you imitate a hoarse or harsh sound caused by the vibrating of the soft palate while sleeping? How do you name such sound(s)? How do you name the action of producing such sound(s)?
int.
v.
n.
79. SNORT How do you imitate A loud harsh sound animals make when they force their breath violently through the nostrils? How do you name such sound(s)? How do you name the action of producing such sound(s)?
int.
v.
n.
80. SPIT How do you name an act of ejecting saliva from the mouth and a sound accompanying such action?
int.
v.
n.